Wildlife’s good mothers

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Human mothers don’t hold the patent on good parenting. There are good mothers among wildlife, too! They feed their young, often at the expense of their own needs, and protect them—with ferocity, if necessary. And, they do their best to teach them how to fend for themselves when they grow up, as any good mother will do. So, here are some of wildlife’s good mothers. A couple of them might surprise you!

Red Fox

Red Fox mother,  Vulpes vulpes, and kit standing on a bluff overlooking a sea.

Red Fox mother, Vulpes vulpes, and kit. (Silver Leapers / Flickr; cc by 2.0)

A Red Fox mother dotes on her kits. She cares for them ceaselessly for their first two weeks, relying on her mate to hunt and bring her food. If something happens to him, it makes life hard for her during this time, but she doesn’t abandon them. She takes over the tasks of finding food and raising them alone.

Otherwise, both she and her mate will together raise their young (usually five), teaching them hunting and other survival skills. And they’re playful parents, too, taking time to roll around and play chase with their kits. The male leaves in the fall. The kits leave when they’re six or seven months old, although females sometimes remain with their mother for a year.   All about the Red Fox  Foxes: frequent questions 

Bats 

Two Brazilian Free-tailed Bat mothers, Tadarida brasiliensis, and numerous pups crowded together in a colony.

Mexican Free-tailed Bat mothers, Tadarida brasiliensis, and pups. (© Amanda Loller, BatWorld.org)

The Mexican Free-tailed Bats, Tadarida brasiliensis, shown above are in a “nursery” colony—only moms and their “pups.” No adult males allowed! As with most other bat species, they have just one baby at a time. They’re born hairless and snuggle together as a group for warmth. Their moms are close by and move into the huddle to nurse them, sometimes sleeping there for a while. Mothers can locate their babies among hundreds, even thousands, of others—all calling for their mothers—by its odor and voice. Feeding a pup consumes half the mother’s body weight each day. Each mother flies out at night to consume an estimated one thousand mosquitoes per hour!   All about bats  Bats: frequent questions

Cottontail rabbits

Mother cottontail standing over her nest with babies suckling her teats.

Cottontail Mother feeding her babies. (Geoff Chandler / DCResource; cc by 2.0)

A cottontail mother keeps her kits safe by staying away from them except for twice-daily nursing visits. She quietly arrives, scrapes back the grasses and leaf debris used to hide their nesting hole in the ground, nurses them, covers them again, and slips away. To keep the kits warm she has lined the nest with fur from her own body, and soft grasses. They lie quietly side-by-side until the next feeding time.

If you have a nest in your yard, protect it from lawnmowers by bordering it with a circle of stakes. That’s better than fencing, which may restrict the movement of the mother and kits. It won’t be for long—they’ll leave in about two weeks. All about the Eastern Cottontail Rabbit   Cottontail rabbits: frequent questions   

Mallard Duck

Female Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos, and ducklings floating in water.

Female Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos, with six of her ducklings. (skeeze / Pixabay; PD)

Mallard mothers lay eight to thirteen eggs—more than half their body weight! The mother is very protective of her young, and will even pretend to be hurt by squawking and flapping on the ground to draw a predator’s attention away. If her ducklings scatter, she collects them back together. When they need sleep, she tucks them under her for warmth and protection, and tries to get some rest herself! Some ducklings will probably stay with her until the next breeding season. All about birds  Birds: frequent questions

Northern Raccoon

Raccoon mother, Procyon lotor, and her kits. peering down from a large tree limb they're standing on.

Raccoon mother, Procyon lotor, and her kits. (Ingrid Taylar / Flickr; cc by 2.0)

Northern Raccoon females are generally mild-mannered, but when they’re mothers, they’ll fight ferociously to protect their babies. Kits (usually three or four) are born between March and August. She guards them carefully for about four months until they’re ready to strike out on their own. Sometimes they stay with her until it’s time for her next litter.  All about the Northern Raccoon   Northern Raccoons: frequent questions 

Striped Skunk

Striped Skunk mother, Mephitis mephitis, and her kits walking out of a hole in a rock pile.

Striped Skunk mother, Mephitis mephitis, and her kits. (© Wildlife Rehabilitation Clinic, High Ridge, Mo.)

Striped Skunk mothers raise their babies on their own (after mating, males go their own way). The mother starts teaching her young (usually five to seven) how to hunt at about six weeks of age. She’s very protective—if her young are threatened, she may spray without her usual warning to predators. Kits often stay with their mother until the next mating season. (Observers have reported that skunks from the same litter who happen to meet up later act overjoyed to see each other again.)  All about the Striped Skunk   Skunks: frequent questions  

Dolphins   

Dolphin and small calf side by side skimming the surface of the water.

Dolphin and calf. (© Michael Daniel Ho)

As soon as a dolphin calf is born, its mother leads it to the surface for its first breath. Such a good mom, to stay vigilant she gets almost no sleep for the first two months. Baby, on the other hand, sleeps a lot—half a brain at a time. That’s because dolphins keep one hemisphere of their brain alert, while the other sleeps. Calves keep mom in sight by keeping their awake side next to her.

Earwigs

Earwig mother, Forficula auricularia, in a nest with nymphs and unhatched eggs.

Earwig mother, Forficula auricularia, with unhatched and recently hatched offspring. (Tom Oates, 2010 / Wiki; cc by-sa 3.0)

Earwigs don’t usually come to mind when we think of good mothers! Most insects lay their eggs and move on. An earwig mother, however, guards and defends her eggs, and even keeps them clean. If her eggs get dispersed, she puts them back in her burrow. After they hatch, she delivers food to her young until they can care for themselves. Earwigs are very common in yards and, except for a bad odor and a mild pinch with their long pincers if we handle them, are harmless to humans. There’s no truth to the story that they crawl into people’s ears.   All about earwigs  

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